Causes of High Blood Pressure and Blood Pressure Chart

Category: HEALTH Published: Sunday, 13 January 2019 Written by Life Coach Efosa Emovon Print



High blood pressure also called HBP or hypertension is the measure of the force of blood pushing against blood vessel walls, a condition in which the force of blood against the artery walls is too high.

The job of the heart is to pump out blood into the blood vessel, which in turn carry or circulate the blood throughout the body. Indeed, there is a big problem when the heart finds it hard or struggle before it can perform this function.

This inability for the heart to carry out its function properly can lead to heart attack, stroke, kidney failure or other serious complications when untreated on time.

Types of high blood pressure [hypertension]

  1. Secondary hypertension

In most cases of high blood pressure [hypertension], there is no known cause. However, when a direct cause for it can be identified the condition is described as secondary hypertension.

The causes of secondary hypertension may be:

. Sleep apnea

. Tumor or disease of the adrenal gland

. Excessive use of alcohol

. Use of some birth control pills

. Pregnancy

. Steroids

. Some antidepressants

. Thyroid dysfunction

. Chronic kidney disease


Among the known causes of secondary hypertension kidney disease rank the highest.

2. Primary hypertension or essential hypertension

The cause of this type of hypertension cannot be traced. Simply put it is unknown. In fact, if you call it abstract or mysterious hypertension you are very correct. Essential hypertension is very common in the United States.

In fact, most patients with hypertension in the United States have essential hypertension. Because it is symptomless, millions of people living with essential hypertension do not realize it. This makes it very dangerous.

Do you know that essential hypertension is the biggest contributory factor to death worldwide? Even though doctors do not know the cause of essential hypertension, it can be linked to certain risk factors such as smoking, lifestyle changes and so forth.

3. Orthostatic hypertension

Orthostatic hypertension also known as postural hypertension is a medical condition caused by a sudden spike in blood pressure when a person stands up.

4. Pulmonary arterial hypertension [PAH]

Pulmonary arterial hypertension is a form of hypertension that affects the arteries in your lungs and the right side of your heart. Having [PAH] means that one has high blood pressure in the arteries that go from his heart to lungs.

PAH is a life-threatening condition that gets worse over time. Can be caused by smoking or inherited from a family member who has heart or lung disease. One of its major symptoms is shortness of breath.

5. Malignant hypertension

Malignant hypertension is an extremely high blood pressure that develops rapidly and causes some type of organ damage. Having a blood pressure that is above 180/120 means that you have this type of hypertension, and also means your life is in danger.

About 1% of people who have a history of high blood pressure develop this life-threatening condition. Its noticeable symptoms are:

. Chest pain

. Difficulty breathing

. Severe headaches

. Dizziness

. Shortness of breath

. Blurred vision

. Numbness in the arms legs and face

. Nausea and headaches


Please hurry to see your doctors whenever you notice these symptoms!


5. Resistance hypertension

Patients whose blood pressure is controlled with four or more medications are considered to have resistance hypertension.

It is a form of hypertension that is poorly responsive to treatment and requires the use of multiple medications to achieve acceptable blood pressure ranges. It may be a consequence of secondary hypertension or have no identifiable cause.

A form of hypertension that is impervious to lifestyle changes and medications, usually due to an underlying, [but often known] cause. What is the real cause of high blood pressure [hypertension]?

The exact causes of blood pressure are not known, nevertheless, it can be traced to some certain factors such as:

. Overweight or obese

. Smoking

. Stress

. Old age

. Intake of sodium [salt]

. Fatty food

. Lack of exercise

. Excessive use of alcohol

. Inherited

. Chronic kidney disease

. Race and gender

Yes, a race is a factor! Black people are twice as likely as whites to have high blood pressure. Also, it is more likely to affect men than women What is normal blood pressure? Do you know an estimated 10 million preventable hypertension-related deaths occur worldwide each year?

In fact, these are deaths that could be avoided with simple treatment. Yes, it is very important to test your blood pressure often in order to nip the bud on time.

The systolic reading is the maximum pressure your heart exerts during beat, why diastolic is the pressure exerted between beats.

It is often assumed that the systolic reading should be focused more on because it is a more accurate indicator of the risk of stroke or heart attack particularly in older people.

However, study suggests that once diastolic blood pressure becomes extremely high, it is a better indicator of risk than systolic.



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